Ganesh Shankar Samudra

Associate Professor

PhD, Purdue University; 1985
MSEE (Electrical Engineering) Purdue University; 1985
MSc (Physics) Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Mumbai; 1976

 (65) 6516 2293 Click here to Email

Professional Working Experience

From 1985-1989, I was Member Group Technical Staff (MGTS) and 
Section Manager	Texas Instruments Inc in the area of semiconductor 
process and device simulation.

Visiting Professor at MIT in 2001 working on inverse modeling to 
predict doping profiles in devices.

Professional Activities

Simulation and modeling subcommittee chairman of premier IEEE conference International 
Electron Device Meeting (IEDM 2010). 
Active in IEEE chapters and conferences.		

Research Interest

Design, Simulation and fabrication of semiconductor devices. Using 
simulators, one can functionality of new and novel devices which 
then can be fabricated with reasonable success. He is a co-recipient of the IEEE 
Electron Devices Society's 2008 Paul Rappaport Award. 

Engaged in collaborative research on

Predicting scaling trends and fundamental limitations on device 
performance using existing and newly developed programs and 

Modeling and characterization for RF and nanowire devices.

Addressing losses in power semiconductor devices using novel device 
structures such as oxide bypass Vertical Double-diffused MOS (VDMOS) 
and Lateral DMOS as well as poly flanked LDMOS.

Strained silicon devices to enhance performance of ultrashort 
channel length devices.

Novel MOS devices that exhibit very fast turn-on and turn-off with 
subthreshold swing lower than 60mV/dec 

Innovative methods to characterize, model and reduce parasitic 
series resistance in S/D regions of MOSFETs that limits overall 
performance at short channel lengths.


Research Projects

Design and Fabrication of Transistor with Improved Subthreshold 
Source: ASTAR SERC, Duration: 3 years 2006-2009, Amount : S$827,263, 
Co-Principal Investigator, PI - Prof. YC Yeo

Source: IME-JML, Duration: 3 years 2004-2007, Amount : S$126,000
Principal Investigator

Physical Modeling and Simulation of Nano-Scale Electronic Device 
Source: ASTAR SERC, Duration: 3 years 2004-2007, Amount : $ 602,990 
Principal Investigator

Patents Granted

Liang*, Y C, X Yang, G S Samudra and K P Gan, "Power MOSFET having 
enhanced breakdown voltage".  United States, 2005.  (US Patent No. 
6,853,033 B2).

Samudra*, G S, RAJENDRAN Krishnasamy, C K Lau and M S Zhou, "Process 
to achieve uniform groove depth in a silicon substrate".  United 
States: patent no. 6,284,606, 2001.

Selected Publications

A total of 80 Journal and 103 conference publications.

MA, F J, S Rustagi, G S Samudra, H Zhao, N Singh, G Lo and D Kwong, "Modeling of Stress 
Retarded Thermal Oxidation of Nonplanar Silicon Structures for Realization of Nanoscale 
Devices".  IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS,  31, no. 7  (2010): 719 721.  

Zhao, H, R Kim, A Paul, M Luisier, G Klimeck, F MA, SC Rustagi, G S Samudra, N Singh, GQ 
Lo and DL Kwong, "Characterization and Modeling of Subfemtofarad Nanowire Capacitance 
Using the CBCM Technique".  IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS,  30, no. 5, pp. 526-528 (2009)

Zhao, H, S Rustagi, F MA, G S Samudra, N Singh, GQ Lo and DL Kwong, "Charge Based 
Capacitance Measurement Technique for Nanoscale, Devices: Accuracy Assessment Based on 
TCAD Simulations".  IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES,  56, no. 5  (2009): 1157 

WONG, H S, LH TAN, L CHAN, GQ LO, G S Samudra and Y C Yeo, "Gate all around quantum wire 
field effect transistor with dopant segregation at metal semiconductor metal 
heterostucture".  Symp. on VLSI Tech. 2009 (2009): 92 93.

MA, F, SC Rustagi, H Zhao, G S Samudra, N Singh, K Budhaaraju, GQ Lo and DL 
Kwong, "Modeling of Stress retarded Orientation dependent Oxidation: Shape Engineering 
of Silicon Nanowire Channels".  IEDM proceeding (2009): 517 520.  

Madan, A, G S Samudra and Y C Yeo, "Strain optimization in ultrathin body transistors 
with silicon germanium source and drain stressors".  JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS,  104, 
no. 8  (2008): Art. No. 084505.  

TOH, E H, H G WANG, L. Chan, D. Weeks, M. Bauer, J. Spear, S. G. Thomas, G S Samudra and 
Y C Yeo, "Co integration of in situ doped silicon carbon source and silicon carbon I 
region in p channel silicon nanowire impact ionization transistor".  IEEE ELECTRON 
DEVICE LETTERS,  29, no. 7  (2008): 731 733.  

Zhu, ZG, Gengchiau LIANG, M F Li and G S Samudra, "A pseudopotential method for 
investigating the surface roughness effect in ultrathin body transistors".  JOURNAL OF 
PHYSICS CONDENSED MATTER,  20, no. 23  (2008): no. 235229. 

TOH, E H, H G WANG, G S Samudra and Y C Yeo, "Device physics and design of germanium 
tunneling field effect transistor with source and drain engineering for low power and 
high performance applications".  JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS,  102  (2008): 104504. 

TOH, E H, H G WANG, L. Chan, G S Samudra and Y C Yeo, "Device physics and performance 
optimization of impact ionization MOS transistors formed using a double spacer 
fabrication process".  JAPANESE JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS,  47, no. 4  (2008): 3077 

TOH, E H, H G WANG, L. Chan, D. Sylvester, C H Heng, G S Samudra and Y C Yeo, "Device 
design and scalability of a double gate tunneling field effect transistor with silicon 
germanium source".  JAPANESE JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS,  47, no. 4  (2008): 2593 

Zhao, H, Y C Yeo, S C Rustagi and G S Samudra, "Analysis of the Effects of Fringing 
Electric Field on FinFET Device Performance and Structural Optimization Using 3 D 
Simulation".  IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES,  55, no. 5  (2008): 1177 1184. 

Zhu, Z G, T Low, M F Li, W J Fan, P Bai, D KWONG and G S Samudra, " Pseudo potential 
band structure calculation of InSb ultra thin films and its application to assess the n 
metal oxide semiconductor transistor performance".  SEMICONDUCTOR SCIENCE AND 
TECHNOLOGY,  23, no. 2  (2008): Art No 025009.  

ZHU, L. Chan, N. Balasubramanian, G S Samudra and Y C Yeo, "Selenium co implantation and 
segregation as a new contact technology for nanoscale SOI N FETs featuring NiSi:C formed 
on silicon carbon (Si:C) source/drain stressors".  Symp. on VLSI Tech. 2008 (2008): 168 

Zhao, H, S C Rustagi, N Singh, F MA, G S Samudra, K Budhaaraju, S K Manhas, C H Tung, G 
Q Lo, G Baccarani and D L Kwong, "Sub Femto Farad Capacitance Voltage Characteristics of 
Single Channel Gate All Around Nano Wire Transistors for Electrical Characterization of 
Carrier Transport".  IEDM2008 (2008): 769 772.  

Samudra, G S, Y C Yeo, C H Heng, E H Toh and L Yang, "Simulation of material and strain 
engineering of tunneling field effect transistor with subthreshold swing below 60 
mV/decade".  Proceeding of SSDM (2008): 868 869.  Tsukuba: Japan society of applied 
physics.  (Invited paper)  (Solid State Devices and Materials (SSDM), 24   26 Sep 2008, 
Tsukuba Convention Centre, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan)

Samudra, G S, Y CHEN and Y C Liang, "An enabling device technology for future 
superjunction power integrated circuits".  The 39th IEEE Power Electronics Specialists 
Conference (2008): 3713 3716.  

TOH, E H, H G WANG, L Chan, GQ Lo, G S Samudra and Y C Yeo, "Strain 
and materials engineering for the I MOS transistor with an elevated 
impact ionization region". IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES,  
54, no. 10  (2007): 2778 2785.

Wong, H S, L Chan, G S Samudra* and Y C Yeo, "Sub 0.1 eV Effective 
Schottky Barrier Height for NiSi on n Type Si (100) Using Antimony 
Segregation". IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS,  28, no. 8  (2007): 703-

Chui, KJ, KW Ang, N Balasubramanian, M F Li, G S Samudra and Y C 
Yeo, "N MOSFET with silicon carbon source/drain for enhancement of 
carrier transport", IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, 54, no. 
2  (2007): 249 256.

Toh, E H, G H Wang, G Q Lo, L Chan, G S Samudra and Y C 
Yeo, "Performance enhancement of n channel impact ionization metal 
oxide semiconductor transistor by strain engineering".  APPLIED 
PHYSICS LETTERS,  90, no. 2  (2007).

Chen, Y, Y C Liang* and G S Samudra, "Design of gradient oxide 
bypassed superjunction power MOSFET devices".  IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON 
POWER ELECTRONICS,  22, no. 4  (2007): 1303 1310.

Mahalingam, U, S Rustagi and G S Samudra, "Direct extraction of 
substrate network parameters for RF MOSFET modeling using a simple 
test structure".  IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS,  27, no. 2  (2006): 
130 132.

Chui*, K J, G S Samudra, Y C Yeo, K C Tee, K W Leong, K M Tee, F 
Benistant and L Chan, "SDODEL MOSFET for performance enhancement".  
IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, 26, no. 3  (2005): 205 207. 

Toh, E H, G H Wang, M ZHU, S Chen, L Chan, G Q Lo, C H Tung, D 
Sylvester, C H Heng, G S Samudra and Y C Yeo, "Impact Ionization 
Nanowire Transistor with Multiple Gates, Silicon Germanium Impact 
Ionization Region, and Sub 5 mV/decade Subtheshold Swing" 195 198  
(IEEE International Device Meeting (IEDM) 

Zhu, Z, T Low, M F Li*, W J Fan, P Bai, D KWONG and G S 
Samudra, "Modeling study of InSb Thin Film for Advanced III V MOSFET 
Applications".  IEDM 2006 (2006): 807 810.  (IEEE International 
Electron Device Meeting (IEDM 2006)

Shen, C, J Q Lin, E H Toh, K F Chang, P Bai, C H Heng, G S Samudra 
and Y C Yeo, "On the Performance Limit of Impact Ionization 
Transistors". 117 120  (IEEE International Device Meeting (IEDM),2007

Research Students Supervised

M: Main Supervisor, C: Co supervisor, S: Sole supervisor
Koh Shao Ming [M: Yeo Yee Chia], Strained MOSFETs using solid phase 
epitaxy and other strain inducing methods. M.Eng.

Chen Yu (C) [M: Liang Yung C], Superjunction power devices. Oxide 
bypass and poly flanked lateral power MOSFETs. Ph. D.
Chui King Jien (M) [C: Yeo Yee Chia] Performance enhancement of 
MOSFETs. Source Drain on depletion and Ge condensed strained 
MOSFETs.  Ph. D.	2007

Singh Ravinder Pal (C) [M: Ashwin M. Khambadkone] [C: Liang Yung C] 
Powering of future microprocessors. Novel circuits. Ph. D.

Toh Eng Huat (C) [M: Yeo Yee Chia] Novel IMOS (Impact Ionization 
MOS). Devices with subthreshold swing below 60mV/Dec for sharp turn 
off and turn on. Ph. D.
Wei Guannan (C) [M: Liang Yung C] SiC based high breakdown voltage 
devices.	M.Eng.	

Wong Hoong Shing (C) [M: Yeo Yee Chia]	Shallow junctions in 
MOSFETs. Antimony segregation and insito doping methods. Ph. D.

Zhao Hui (M) [C: Subhash Rustagi in IME] Simulation of FinFET for RF 
and scaling. Simulation of scaling with 3D simulations & nanowire 
device fabrication and characterization. Ph. D.

Sreedharan S P (S) Optimization of groove gate MOSFET.	Ph. D.	2004

Gan Kian Paau (C) [M: Liang Yung C], Oxide bypass power MOSFETs, 
M.Eng.	2004

Moitreyee Roy-Mukherjee (S) Lithography resolution enhancement for 
Cu metallization. Ph. D.	2004

Andrew Khoh (C) [M: Wu Yihong]	Optical proximity correction using 
GTD (Geometrical Theory of Diffraction) for lithography. Ph. D.	2005

Yang Xin (C) [M: Liang Yung C] Tunable VBR power MOSFETs. Tunable 
oxide bypass power devices.	M.Eng. 2004

Lim Chow Yee (C) [M: Liang Yung C] Low forward drop synchronous 
diode (<< 0.7V). M.Eng. 2004

Naveen Agrawal (S)	Simulation and fabrication of Novel MOS. 
Worked on defining small fins in silicon. M.Eng. 2005

Tee Kian Meng (S) Gate all around MOSFET- simulation and fabrication.
	M.Eng. 2005

Zhou Kaihong (M) [C: Baiping in IHPC], Simulation of quantum dot 
memory device mainly for FLASH. M.Eng. 2005

M Umashankar (M) [C: Subhash Rustagi in IME], Characterization and 
modeling of MOSFETs in RF frequency regime.	M.Eng. 2006

Patrick Chan (C) [M: Chor Eng Fong] Inverse modeling for doping 
profile extraction. M.Eng. 2006

Francis Poh (S) Simulation of 100nm device for logic and memory 
application. M.Eng. 2002

Tay Chuan Beng (C) [M: Chua Soo Jin] Circuit modeling for SI PIN 
photodiode.	M.Eng. 2002

Lee Siew Weng (S) Predictive process and device simulation of 
MOSFETs. M.Eng. 2002

Anselm Yip Tze Yieng (S) Simulation of hot carrier effect in 
MOSFETs. M.Eng. 1999

Zhao Bin (S)	An accurate model for BiCMOS/CMOS logic gates. 
M.Eng. 2000

Wang Yu (M) [C: Ling Chung Ho]	Quarter micron process simulation 
and LDD structure optimization. M.Eng. 1998

Alan Yong Kuen Fatt (S) Analytic methods for timing simulation of 
interconnects in VLSI integrated circuits. M.Eng. 1997

Lee Teng Kiat (S) Techniques for efficient and accurate simulation 
of mixed analog and digital circuits.	 M.Eng. 1995

Seah Boon Pian (C) [M: Ling Chung Ho] Modeling and simulation of hot 
carrier effects in submicron MOSFETs. 	M.Eng.	1995

Ali Najafi (C) [M: Farhang]	Design of transform domain adaptive 
filters	M.Eng. 1994

Teaching Courses

EE4415	Integrated Digital Design 
EE5515 	CMOS Front end Processes and Integration